This page is a work in progress.
Below is information graciously submitted to OKRID Secretary by Sandie Busby on February 2018.
If you have information or are interested in compiling and preserving the history, roots, and establishment of Oklahoma Registry of Interpreters for the Deaf, please contact email@example.com.
Thank you Sandie for the submission, and also a THANK YOU to those who have pioneered the profession and community with courage.
The Lamplighter was a newsletter put out to all deafies, Methodist church
and interpreters at the time.
July 1971, 1st page:
The Oklahoma Chapter of the National Registry of Interpreters for the Deaf met and
organized during the Oklahoma Association for the Deaf convention in Tulsa July 9,
1971. Stan McElhaney, president of the OAD, was very instrumental in passing
legislation at the business meeting of OAD providing $25.00 seed money for expenses in
setting up the OKRID. E. R. Rhodes, (Ruth’s father) was also a big booster.
The organization will be known as “OKRID,” and will be responsible for recruiting and
training people to interpret; informing all Judges and keeping them informed concerning
your interpreting law, establishing requirements for interpreters, and many other project
are planned. The next meeting is planned for Sept. 11, at 2pm at the Assembly of God
church in Oklahoma City.
Sept 1971 issue
The Oklahoma Registry of Interpreters for the Deaf will hold their 1st meeting, Saturday,
September 11, at 2pm in the First Assembly of God Church in Oklahoma City. Officers
include Mrs. Ruth Stidham, President, Dr. W. Ted Griffing, Vice President, Mrs. June
Pierce, Secretary, Mr. Jack Foreman Treasurer, and LaVerle Carrington, evaluations. A
report will be printed next month of the planning. Any deaf person who is interested is
invited to attend along with all hearing people who are interested in making a strong
interpreters group in Oklahoma.
The Oklahoma Chapter of the Registry of interpreters for the Deaf was officially
organized at a meeting in Tulsa Oklahoma, November 6, 1971, guest speaker at the
meeting was Mr. Tom Dillon, principal of the New Mexico School for the Deaf. The next
meeting of the Oklahoma Chapter of Registry of Interpreters will be February 5, 1972, at
St. Luke’s United Methodist church, 1516 N. Harvey in Oklahoma City, at 1pm.
OKRID to hold fund raising dinner:
The Oklahoma Chapter of Registry of Interpreters for the deaf will hold a spaghetti
dinner, Saturday, October 14, at 12 noon at Mrs. Jenny Koons home 1610 E. 17th Place,
Tulsa, Oklahoma. Price of the dinner is $1.00.
Purpose of the meeting is to add extra money to the treasury, elect a secretary and hear
reports from various committees. Please let Ruth Stidham know if you plan to attend in
order to know how much food to prepare.
Jean Scrivener was there; many other folks were involved.
(Linda Blue: It is funny but now that I think of it, we never somehow established W. T.Griffing as a name for OKRID along before Richard Mullins. He was the first true leaderof many, many areas of our state and for the deaf and interpreters. Richard Mullinsmoved to Oklahoma about 1975-76 and Griffing died in 1985)LaVerle Carrington, W. T. Griffing, Jack Forman, were the old timers and then the otherfolks followed after that. Seems Jack and Maxine Money from Tulsa area were involved,it was mostly church interpreters who really got together and tried to get this going.Linda Blue recalls around 1973-75 not sure exact date, but Linda Dyer came toOklahoma. She along with LaVerle Carrington worked with many other folks to keep theorganization going, as well as Kathy Jones.According to LeVerle Carrington:1976—OKRID put up $200 to start a legal fund to assist OAD in the fight against theCity of Oklahoma City and the Police Department.-August 5, 1976, an application was filed for temporary restraining order andtemporary permanent injunction against the Okla. City Police Dept. because ofthe continued practice of arresting the deaf without providing an interpreter wasfiled.-August 6, 1976, the court ruled the interpreter law did not apply to hearing-impaired or speaking impaired persons on the arrest level.-September 3.1976 a petition in error and Designation was filed requesting ahearing in the Supreme Court moving the hearing out of the lower court.1977—OKRID meeting held May 14, 1977 at the OCHI conference in Tulsa; newofficers were elected.President: LaVerle CarringtonVice President: Fred WattersonSecretary: Maxine MoneyTreasury: Wanda HullBoard Members: Stan McElhaney, Jack Bertram and W. T. GriffingEvaluation chairperson: Jack MoneyTraining/workshop chairperson: Linda DyerEditor newsletter: W. T. Griffing33 Deaf and hearing joined the newly formed OKRID by paying $3.00 per person-July 8, 1977, the appeal was briefed by amicus curiae and submitted on its merits-September 29, 1977, the Supreme Court entered an order of transfer to the Courtof Criminal Appeals.-October 18, 1977, the Court of Criminal Appeals entered an order of dismissalbecause the case was not criminal in nature.-November 14, 1977, OAD and OKRID’s lawyer, Marti Hirst, filed a motion toreinstate the appeal for the Supreme Court to direct the court of Criminal Appealsto reconsider the case and set aside their previous order dismissing the appeal andin support of this alternative case.
1978—January –Jack Money became seriously ill and doctors advised him to be relievedof all his activities. As a result, Jack resigned as evaluation chairperson.Linda Thurman was appointed to take the chairpersons position of evaluations.-March 4, 1978—OKRID held an evaluation in Okla. CityEvaluators: Linda Thurman, LaVerle and Wendy Carrington, Wanda Hull, JerryRandel and Raymond WillinghamPat Stowe and Glenda Jones made the skilled rank and Connie Jo Russell, TerriBrown and Pat King made the apprentice rank.-March 10, it was reported that OKRID membership had grown to 45.-March 15, 1978, the Oklahoma Supreme court ruled requiring all state policedepartments provide interpreters for deaf mutes at the time of arrest. This causeda dilemma among small town police departments and as well as in larger citypolice departments.November 4, 1978—US Senate passes the Bilingual Hearing and SpeechImpaired Court Interpreter Act which strengthens Oklahoma Supreme Courtdecision.-April 21-22, 1978 Linda Dyer held the third interpreter training workshop at EastCentral University with Mrs. Annett Long, from Arizona, emphasizing reverseinterpreting.-May 19, 1978 (Friday) OKRID held next meeting at the O. C. H. I. meeting atEast Central University. At this meeting the membership had grown to 65. Thisactivity brought about the Interpreter for the Deaf Act at the 38thLegislature,which passed the Senate Bill 490 and became effective May 21, 1982.LaVerle and Linda Blue were Chairpersons for the OKRID for the RID evaluations heldin Tulsa Oklahoma at TCC (summer of 78?). Kathy Jones, Linda Dyer and a few comingbefore the committee attempting for their certifications. Annette Long from Arizona wasthe RID representative along with LaVerle and Linda Blue.